There’s a lot to take in when learning about the life of Captain Cook. Have a read of these easy to remember James Cook facts and impress your friends and colleagues.
11 James Cook facts
1. Cook was born in the Yorkshire village of Marton, 7th Novemeber 1728.
2. His father was a Scottish farm hand, who moved the family to Great Ayton when Cook was 8.
3. Cook moved to Whitby and became an apprentice in a Quaker-owned shipping company. He trained and took coal between Newcastle and London.
4. During the Seven Years’ War, Cook served in the Royal Navy as master of HMS Pembroke in North America.
5. In 1762, Cook married Elizabeth Batts. They had 6 children, who all died without having children of their own. Elizabeth outlived her husband and her children, living until she was 93.
6. HMS Endeavour wasn’t the only ship Cook commanded; though it was the one he was sailing on his first journey when he mapped New Zealand and Australia. The HMS Resolution was Cook’s ship for his second and third voyages, not HMS Endeavour.
7. Two other ships accompanied Cook on his exploration. HMS Adventure sailed with him on his second voyage, and HMS Discovery journeyed with him to the explore the north west American coast.
8. In June 1770, HMS Endeavour was damaged by the Great Barrier Reef. Cook and his crew spent time repairing it on the beaches of Australia.
9. Cook received the Copley Medal by the Royal Society in 1776 for completing his 1772-75 voyage without losing a man to scurvy.
10. Hawaiians killed Cook in 1779 in a fight started by a stolen boat. They treated it to the funeral rites usually only performed on their elders and chiefs and some of his bones were later returned to his crew for a formal burial at sea.
11. The foremast on HMS Resolution broke as they were leaving Hawaii. This meant Cook had to extend their stay in Kealakekua Bay and created the opportunity for the fight that leads to his death.
Find out more
Want to find out more about Captain Cook? Take a look at our other blogs about his life, family and journeys.